Research paper smoking

Although the exposure to ETS is a current topic of debate in tobacco-related cancers and other lung diseases, the limited research at the basic experimental level provides a strong argument for launching experimental studies to support human data and explore disease mechanisms.

conclusion of smoking pdf

Tobacco is already the biggest cause of adult death in developed countries. For those conclusions that are written using the hierarchy above, a careful and extensive review of the literature has been undertaken for this report, based on the accepted causal criteria USDHHS About 1 in 10 high school senior males is a current smokeless tobacco user, and about 1 in 5 high school senior males is a current cigar smoker.

Socioeconomic factors and educational attainment influence the development of youth smoking behavior. Tobacco was also presented as a gateway drug among young people, because its use generally precedes and increases the risk of using illicit drugs.

Two studies Adriani et al. Smoking-dependent and haplotype-specific effects of endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms on angiographically assessed coronary artery disease in Caucasian- and African-Brazilians. Inability to control all the different variables in human studies has made it difficult to clearly define the contribution of various suspect genes in tobacco carcinogenesis.

The biological significance of tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines: Smoking and adenocarcinoma of the lung.

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Smoking Research at NIH