My personal theory of child development
A few examples of these social theories of child development include attachment theory, social learning theory, and sociocultural theory. Skills such as logical thought, deductive reasoning, and systematic planning also emerge during this stage.
Theories of child development pdf
Eventually, researchers became increasingly interested in other topics including typical child development as well as the influences on development. In the movie there is not a lot of information about this stage of Forrest Gump's life however, he does make it clear in the retelling of his life that this stage was met by his mother who provided everything he needed to become a child. After an association has been formed, the once neutral stimulus now produces the response all in its own. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development Behavioral Child Development Theories During the first half of the twentieth century, a new school of thought known as behaviorism rose to become a dominant force within psychology. Those inspired and influenced by Freud went on to expand upon Freud's ideas and develop theories of their own. What was her response? This seemed like an impossible task; only old men who have researched in the field of education were allowed to have a philosophy of education, right? Operant conditioning utilizes reinforcement and punishment to modify behaviors. Some of the greatest minds in the history of psychology contributed a few of the best-known developmental theories. The Background of Child Development Theories Theories of development provide a framework for thinking about human growth and learning. For several years, would-be educators are required to learn the science of teaching. Freud believed that children progress through a series of psychosexual stages. Forrest Gump Case Study In examining the theory of Expectation Lifespan Development one can easily use the character Forrest Gump from the movie to explore the various stages of development. Educators called Dr. As I think of my professional philosophy as an undergraduate in college, I recall feeling puzzled as to how there could be so many theories about teaching and learning.
The Theory Summarized In understanding the different stages of the theory and how they can be observed through the life of Forrest Gump it is important that one have a basic understanding of the overall theory itself. Operant conditioning utilizes reinforcement and punishment to modify behaviors.
This large age span helps to avoid the tendency of some teachers to over-schedule and over-direct students who need ever more freedom of time-planning and research.
She went back to school to study anthropology and psychology and finally, inwas asked to take charge of fifty children from the dirty, desolate streets of the San Lorenz slum in the city of Rome.
Now, after teaching students for eight years, being an aunt for 17 years, and being a mother for four years, my professional philosophy comes from a different, more experienced point of view.
During the oral stage, for example, a child derives pleasure from activities that involve the mouth such as sucking or chewing.
For many years, child and adolescent behavior theorists have worked to develop and design theories to explain the various stages of the life span. The Formal Operational Stage, which lasts from roughly age 12 and into adulthood, is marked by the emergence of hypothetical thought.
What are the five major developmental theories
When the child cries for a bottle or to have a diaper changed and that expectation is met the stage is being properly and carefully developed so that the individual can move to the next step in the developmental theory. Effects of whole class, ability grouped, and individualized instruction on mathematics achievement. This is my personal web page. The stages are Trust vs. Why do children behave in certain ways? Conflicts associated with stage must be successfully resolved in order to develop a healthy adult personality. These observations are made on the level of concentration of each child, the introduction to and mastery of each piece of material, the social development, physical health, etc. My quality continues to improve as I gain more experiences from my own classroom. In this stage the individual child looks to the adults in his or her life for approval and the expectations of those adults are what drives that child to accomplish various developmental tasks. His cognitive theory quickly became one of the most influence child development theories. Establishing a routine and being consistent with it and with disciplinary issues is very important to the environment of the classroom and to being an effective teacher. The earliest years of life are a period of incredible growth, Cognitively, Socially, and Physically and in order for a child to be properly shaped and developed, a healthy foundation must be made Better For Babies. As I think of my professional philosophy as an undergraduate in college, I recall feeling puzzled as to how there could be so many theories about teaching and learning.
The emotional and physical growth is steady and the intellectual work strong. Prior to that, I worked in a school that was drastically different, and I considered quitting.
The developmental theory of Expectation Development builds closely within the idea of Erikson's eight development stages however, it takes it a step further and illustrates the importance of the various stages of expectations of the individual and how the way those expectations are net play a key role in the development of the entire person through their adulthood.
When a behavior is punished, or weakened, then it is less likely to occur again in the future. Observational learning can involve directly observing another person, but it can also take place by listening to someone else explain how to do something or even reading about it in a book.
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