Cooperatives in zimbabwe
Harare south housing cooperatives
The interviews involved direct verbal interaction between the researcher and the respondents. Housing co-operatives emerged in Zimbabwe in the late s. From the outcome, it was found that the general consensus among all participants was that the cooperatives are not sustainable in their current state. The country saw a rapid decline of its economy between and How cooperatives can sustain livelihoods of communities Cooperatives exist for different purposes in human societies. This has been noted to be one of the major elements that have been influencing most peasantry to join rural cooperatives in Africa. Fraenkel and Wallen indicate that it is the fundamental responsibility of researchers to do all in their power to ensure that participants are protected from physical and psychological harm, and from discomfort that may arise due to the research. Co-operatives in Zimbabwe fall under seven categories and these are: the housing co-operatives, fishing, manufacturing, agriculture, services which includes transport and catering, savings and credit co-operatives and mining cooperatives. Data collected also showed that Shurugwi Dairy Cooperative provides milk to its members and also sells some of the milk to locals in order to increase the income of its members.
A questionnaire, interviews and observation methods were employed as the main research instruments. Housing co-operatives also use income generated by other activities to invest in housing.
Lastly, the study concluded that cooperatives would continue to be part of rural life, as such cooperatives have a propensity to sustain livelihoods of many rural communities.
Zimbabwe is being ranked as number 1 in housing cooperative development in the whole of Africa with over 4 registered housing cooperatives whose membership is over half a million nationwide.
Dornyei states that in non-probability sampling technique, there are qualifying and disqualifying criteria which are used. Introduction Cooperatives play a significant role in improving the livelihoods of rural communities the world over.
Housing cooperatives in zimbabwe pdf
According to Schwettmann , rural cooperatives are successful in economic development because they are viewed as commercial organisations that operate by a broader set of values, than those associated with the narrow pursuit of profit alone. Context The current housing backlog is estimated at 1 million units, consisting of new units and existing units needing refurbishment. This operation provoked large rental increases, further affecting low-income families. Financing Housing co-operatives are financed by the contributions from members; the income generated though other activities, and the financial assistance from partners. Borg and Gall state that the advantage of drawing a sample from the population is that it saves the researcher a great deal of time. What this reflects is that rural cooperatives sought to rectify the colonial legacy of economic dualism, which was characterised by policies that used to favour the development of urban industrial sectors at the expense of rural areas. Issues of confidentiality and anonymity of the information obtained from the respondents were some aspects of ethical considerations that the researcher put into consideration. Tchami observes that the main purpose of a cooperative is to allow individuals to come together and pool their resources in order to reach a common goal, which would be difficult for them to achieve as individuals. Attwood and Baviskor argue that most of the rural cooperatives, especially those that were established as a result of government policies in the developing world, sought to bridge the gap that existed between rural and urban areas. Conclusion reached is that cooperatives require amendments to the Cooperatives Act of to promote good institutions and good governance. On the issue of time, the researcher would in some instances make prior arrangements so that he visited the cooperatives during weekends. In , the Transitional National Development Plan was adopted. Guba, E. According to Miller , ethics can be taken to refer to issues to do with morality, culture and customs, whereby the researcher in the field has to make some considerations on issues that can affect respondents. Housing co-operatives emerged in Zimbabwe in the late s.
Furthermore, cooperation in most cases occurs when external factors threaten a certain number of individuals; hence, cooperatives are the best possible means of defence against the worsening social and economic conditions affecting a section of the population.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Several race-based policies deprived blacks of the right to home ownership, among other things.
Firstly, cooperatives offer direct wage employment to people who work in both primary and secondary cooperatives.
The principle of autonomy and independence views cooperatives as autonomous, self-help organisations that are controlled by their members. How cooperatives can sustain livelihoods of communities Cooperatives exist for different purposes in human societies.
List of cooperatives in zimbabwe
The quantitative method involved data collection procedures that resulted primarily in numerical data which was analysed by statistical methods. Purposive sampling technique was adopted and data were collected from government officials and from members of the six cooperatives in Shurugwi District. Housing policies were adopted but initiatives targeted to low income households were not very successful due to insufficient financial resources, lack of political will from the local authorities and corruption. Thus, through the use of the purposive sampling procedure, the researcher managed to select a sample that was representative of the larger population. Chitsike, L. In , the Zimbabwe National Workshop on Construction and Housing Cooperatives was organized to allow international and African participants to share ideas on assisting low-income people through housing co-operatives. For years the co-operative housing movement has dedicated efforts to address the difficulties created by the pandemic. Servicing the land involves engineering designs, roads and water systems. As a result of such prevailing conditions in Zimbabwe, rural cooperatives are becoming a force to reckon with as they have a potential to boost food security, increase employment opportunities and improve households incomes. Between and , the housing cooperatives built 99 houses for themselves; 46 of which are at various stages of completion.
Due to the fact that some members joined cooperatives in order to access government funding and achieve some political objectives. In addition, the cooperatives have provided cereal crop, dairy products, poultry products and fish products to serve the public.
The principle of voluntary and open membership indicates that cooperatives are open to all persons that are able to use their service and willing to accept the responsibilities of membership without gender, social, racial, political or religious discrimination.
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