An analysis of the health system in australia
Australian healthcare system history
They are also free not to impose them, to begin with, but this would place such a fund at risk of " adverse selection ", attracting a disproportionate number of members from other funds, or from the pool of intending members who might otherwise have joined other funds. Reform policies and mechanisms are often delayed and this is a significant barrier to progress. Prescription pharmaceuticals Both countries have national policies on the provision of pharmaceuticals and sufficient access to drugs, thanks to a widespread network of drug distribution throughout the country. Progress towards them depends on how well systems carry out four vital functions: service provision, resource generation, financing and stewardship [ 2 ]. Both countries require exploration in innovations such as personally controlled electronic health e-health records and telehealth. Inadequate access to water sanitation and hygiene is associated with the spread of diseases including polio, hepatitis and cholera [ 13 ]. Keywords: Australian public hospitals, patient outcomes, quality improvement, public hospital performance, public hospitals, bureaucratic capacity, policy implementation error Introduction The Australian healthcare system is recognised as one of the best in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD ; however, it has come under intense pressure due to changes in healthcare needs, such as the increase in demand and healthcare costs, inequities, complex health conditions and a push to improve the outcomes. They are also entitled to impose a month waiting period for benefits for treatment relating to an obstetric condition, and a 2-month waiting period for all other benefits when a person first takes out private insurance. This shortfall is a significant gap for policy makers but still, government agencies do not appear to invested sufficient time and resources to prioritise this deficiency. This inhibits its ability to design a system that rewards general practice for good management of patients with multiple chronic conditions.
Comparing the Australian national health system with the Vietnamese national health system from the perspective of future challenges. Health Qual Life Outcomes Aim: To analyse and compare the Australian national health system with the Vietnamese national health system from the perspective of future challenges such as chronic disease, advancing information technologies and expenditure.
But this is not to say they see the health system through rose-coloured glasses. Health providers including doctors, nurses, and allied health professionals, deliver essential services across many levels, to the community, in the form of primary health care, hospital-based and emergency treatment [ 1 ].
Migration of health workforce away from lower to higher level, rural to urban and from public to private sector and high level facilities tends to be the trend, which affects secured availability of health workers in rural and remote areas.
Third, like most first- and second-world countries, Australia is facing the challenge of increasing prevalence of chronic disease. Glob Public Health S There are compulsory co-payments for each prescription — with lower co-payments for people who hold social-security concession cards, and safety nets for those who are prescribed a lot of drugs.
Some drugs have very limited registered quotas, which creates monopoly and price increase in some drugs [ 16 ]. Grant C The Australian health care system Excessive personal expenditure coupled with ongoing health scandals contribute to a general distrust of the system and reluctance for change [ 16 ].
based on 53 review