When the student complained, he did so to preclude this gathering and examination of evidence. I have, in this sense, no right to believe that the moon is made of green cheese because my belief is lacking in any supporting evidence.
If we find these morally wrong, we condemn not only the potential acts that spring from such beliefs, but the content of the belief itself, the act of believing it, and thus the believer.
The problem with truth is it has a long history and has been a central issue in epistemology.
Many are not willing to accept the truth as it is, as they view absolute fact as offensive and emotionally damaging. He regarded the very examination of this evidence as an attack on his right to believe — and so can hardly be talking about his evidential right to believe.But if so, we would need to revise what usually gets put in each column. Consider those who believe that the lunar landings or the Sandy Hook school shooting were unreal, government-created dramas; that Barack Obama is Muslim; that the Earth is flat; or that climate change is a hoax. If not, why not? He regarded the very examination of this evidence as an attack on his right to believe — and so can hardly be talking about his evidential right to believe. I reject very strongly the theories of young earth creationism and intelligent design. If it were, the existence of people of average height would entail that no one is short and no one is tall. If one believes in homeopathic medicine, then one can predict that those using it will recover from various ailments. Truths are what we believe, while facts can be proven. These questions will be answered in this paper using two different approaches and how I interpreted them. It might be that this is a possible future for liberal societies. Ever since then, many philosophers have attempted to answer the question. A fact is based on direct evidence, actual experience, or observation. In the meanwhile, the most truthful statements explain and are consistent with all the currently available evidence. The truth may be contrary to the status quo. It often comes up in a religious context, but can arise in others too.
For instance, it may seem obvious to supporters of capital punishment that the death penalty is a deterrent but countless studies show that it has no effect on murder rates. Some are about objective matters, such as whether there is beer in the refrigerator.
If we are told that a particular drug or treatment is effective, then the drug or treatment can be tested using a large enough sample of patients and a proper control group. For these reasons, I might have a moral right to believe in life after death, for example. If it were, the existence of people of average height would entail that no one is short and no one is tall.
The problem, obviously, is that attempts to bridge that gap always proceed via our own fallible cognitive capacities.So, if the overwhelming majority of doctors state that the MMR injection is safe or the overwhelming majority of scientists state that global warming is a reality, we need compelling reasons - preferably based on sound evidence - to disbelieve this. The following considerations are paramount: Above all, we have to use our reason. Rights have limits and carry responsibilities. She keeps her belief in Pastafari very much to herself. If it happened, it happened whether anyone believes it or not. She has a moral right to believe in the sense that she has the right not to be stripped of her beliefs by force. The truth may offend against a received wisdom. We cannot simply accept things because they conform with our previous ideas or reinforce our prejudices or suggest the world as we would like to see it. Creedism is discrimination against beliefs. His course, a standard Introduction to Philosophy, contains a section on the philosophy of religion: the usual arguments-for-and-against-the-existence-of-God stuff. Facts may change how we do something, but cannot change who we are the way the truth can. The problem, obviously, is that attempts to bridge that gap always proceed via our own fallible cognitive capacities.